Western Week Regional Folk Musical Instruments
West Java’s regional musical instruments have their characteristics compared tomusical instruments from other regions. In our day, perhaps we know better modern musical instruments, such as guitars, pianos, violins and so on. But before these various modern musical instruments were released, there were already traditional musical instruments.
More and more traditional cultures are being abandoned, including regional musical instruments. However, there are still many younger generations participating in the preservation of traditional tools from West Java, such as angklung and flute. Both musical instruments are often performed as traditional musical instruments.
In fact, there are many other regional musical instruments to be proud of and maintain so that our children and grandchildren can later recognize these musical instruments. This is why we will examine the most well-known traditional musical instruments from West Java through the article below.
This musical instrument from West Java has been around since the 9th century AD and survives today. As they sailed, Middle Eastern merchants brought ribs to Indonesia. This copper musical instrument has 3 strings or wires as sound generators.
Over time, there have been changes in the basic material for making copper-made onions and now many rebabs are made of wood with a shape resembling a cross. The way to play it is to swing the strings, as when you play a modern musical instrument, which is the violin.
Flute musical tools made of bamboo
It is then the most popular Western Javanese musical instrument, known as flute. This musical instrument made of bamboo or wood is played by blowing out the holes available. In addition to the swollen holes, there are also holes to adjust the field so that the number of holes changes, ranging from 4 to 8.
The number of holes is adjusted according to the needs of the song to be played. Most Western Javanese flutes have 4 holes according to The Sudanese songs that are often played. The existence of flute is very important as a musical instrument as it can give a melody to sing the song in order to sound in a very thick traditional tone.
One has unique karinding
A typical Western Javanese musical instrument that is no less widespread is canoeing. This unique musical instrument must be put on the lips to be played. Then you can the bat to produce sound resonance from the friction of the handle and the fingers that eavesdrop on the instrument.
Bamboo is often used as a material to make carrots, although there is also carving of palm fronds. Karinding from palm trees is usually used for men, while bamboo caringis is used for women. In the past, the career was used not only as a musical instrument, but also as an appropriation in rice fields.
Kalanung’s musical tools
Most people cannot distinguish a kettle and another traditional Western Javanese musical instrument, an angklung because it looks the same at first glance. Calung is made from awi wulung or bamboo black bamboo type and also has a kettle made from another type of bamboo, ater bamboo.
This musical instrument is played according to the type of gallungs, whether it is calung jinjing or calung rantay. Cauldron jinjing is played using only the right hand, while the left hand is to hold calung. Calung rantay is played with both hands fondof him. The way players sit must be passed to facilitate the movement of hands.
Multitones and double angklung
Although you are not Western Javanese, you should already know this traditional instrument, because it often appears as one of the traditional folk musical instruments of West Java. This tool made of bamboo is also called multitonal or doubled.
The way you play it also seems easy, that is, by waving the instrument. The bamboo body effect is a source of sound production in different tones, according to the angklung used. Because the general vibe of the musical instrument can produce sounds, angklung is classified as an idiophone musical instrument.
In terms of appearance, tarawangsa may have similarities to the rebab, but the difference is that the number of tarwangsa wires is only two parts. Unlike the rebab which has three strings so you can already distinguish between two musical instruments originating in West Java more easily and quickly.
Even though you have two strings, you can only play a verse swinging it. Meanwhile, other wires are played using the index finger of the left hand. Tarawangsa is often played with other musical instruments, such as The Entreng to produce such a beautiful tone or melody.
Traditional musical instruments, qeste
West Week’s other interesting regional musical instrument is color. In Sundanese, the presence of color as an accompanying musical instrument is very important. This is related to the two functions of the lute, namely the mother lute and the child’s lyth when accompanying traditional Sudanese music, so it is important to know lutein.
Parent prayer is tasked with defining the tempo, starting the music and the prayer used usually has 18-20 wires. Unlike the color of the child who serves as a companion to high-frequency music. There are fewer wires, which is 15 lengths than the number of threads for the lyrical parent.
Traditional Arunba musical instruments
Another musical instrument from West Java that deserves our study is alumba. For some people, they still don’t know the name of this traditional musical instrument, especially for people outside West Java. Agumba belongs to the ensemble group or is a mixture of several musical instruments at the same time.
This musical instrument is made of quality bamboo, for example black bamboo (wulung), bamboo rope or bamboo awi temen. Although it is a combination of some musical instruments, the alumba eventually becomes a musical and a particular kind of music that we know from some traditional West java songs.
Jenglong as a basic sound maker
Another Western Javanese musical instrument not to be lost is Jenglongu. Jenglong serves as a basic song frame or sound creator so her role is very important when playing traditional Western Javan music. However, many of us do not know this musical instrument well from the West Week region.
A particular bat is used to hit Jenglong to produce sounds or sounds. Beatri used in this musical instrument is made of special materials to produce the right sound. This bat usually has a coat to make it softer, whether from wool or woven thread.
Finally, we will know a traditional tool called celempung, which is made of bamboo skin. The sound is produced using resonance in bamboo sticks. This is why it is not easy to make this traditional musical instrument because each crate must have a different form and size of the internode.
Celempung has two wires with different functions, namely threads for pejoric tones and threads for slendo tones so that they can be used for Siteran again. In addition to celempung, the siter is also commonly used in gamelan instruments as a feature that is still held today.
There are still many traditional musical instruments you can find from West Java with their uniqueness. Most traditional musical instruments are made of nature, whether made of wood or bamboo so it feels a lot like the traditional impression on display. So don’t stop to continue to know western Javanese musical instruments.